Beating the Retreat officially marks the end of the Republic Day celebrations in India.
Beating the Retreat is organized every year on the evening of 29th January i.e. the third day of Republic Day, for which all the important government buildings are beautifully decorated with lights between 26th to 29th January.
How is it celebrated
The event begins with a concerted marching band of all three services playing popular marching tunes.
Drummers also perform solos (called drummer's calls). During this, Mahatma Gandhi's favorite tune is played, and chimes are played by tubular, this creates a mesmerizing scene.
This is followed by the bugle sounding of the retreat, when the Band Master approaches the President and asks for permission to withdraw the band, then it is informed that the 'Closing Ceremony' is complete.
The band marches back and plays the popular tune Saare Jahan Se Achcha. At exactly 6 pm, the buglers sound the tune of the retreat and the national flag is lowered and the national anthem is played, thus marking the formal end of the Republic Day celebrations.
This is an essential program because the Indian Army has a way of doing everything. Through this, the forces take permission from the President to end the event because the President is the head of all the three armies of India.
The ceremony is also a reminder of the old tradition of soldiers resting in the evening after a day's fighting, in fact this was the time when they would return to their camp and celebrate the evening with the setting sun After this they again started preparing for the war.
When and how this tradition started
Beating Retreat is a very old British tradition, its real name is 'watch setting' and it is celebrated at sunset. Beating the Retreat Ceremony in India started in 1950
Since India became a republic in 1950, the Beating the Retreat program has had to be canceled twice, first on 26 January 2001 due to the Gujarat earthquake and the second time on 27 January 2009 due to a prolonged illness of the country's eighth President Venkataraman. Done after death.
You must be thinking that why our country has three names and how did they come about? By the way, it is written in the constitution that "India which is Bharat will be a union of states" means in the constitution the name of our country is Bharat, now let us tell you how these three names came about?
How did India get its name
Emperor Bharat, the ancestor of Lord Rama, became the Chakravarti emperor. His empire was spread from Kashmir to Kanyakumari. The country was named Bharatvarsha after his name.
How did the name Hindustan come
The Indus River flows to the west of the Himalayas and a large area is surrounded by it. This land is called the Indus Valley. The Indus Valley Civilization has become very famous. In the Middle Ages, when some foreign marauders and Iranian people from Turkistan came to the country, they first entered the Indus Valley. He gave the name Hindu to the residents here, which is a corruption of Sindhu. He made the country of Hindus known and popular by the name of Hindustan.
How did India get its name
The second name of the Indus River was also called the Indus Valley. The Indus Valley Civilization was as famous as the Roman Civilization and spread throughout the country. The country got its name India because of the Indus Valley.
Why is the name India popular
When the British came to the country, they found it difficult to pronounce Hindustan or Hind. He found a solution to this and came to know that the name of Indus Valley is also Indus Valley. So he named our country India and the country became famous as India all over the world.
Why is it celebrated
Because after the independence of the country, on this day India became a full republic country. That is, a constitution was implemented for the countrymen, due to which the rule of law was established in India, the public got fundamental rights.
That's why this day is special for every countryman. On this day the President hoists the tricolor and a 21-gun salute is given. The national anthem is sung standing in a group.
Why is it celebrated only on 26 January?
To know this, we have to peep into the history. In December 1929, the session of the Indian National Congress was held in Lahore. It was presided over by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
In this session, a resolution was passed that if the British Government does not give India the status of Dominion by 26 January 1930, then India will declare itself completely independent.
Despite this, when the British government did not give anything till January 26, 1930, the Congress announced the determination of India's complete independence on that day and started its active movement.On this day Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the tricolor on the banks of the Ravi river in Lahore. After this, India started celebrating 26 January 1930 as Independence Day.
And when the country became independent in 1947, August 15 was accepted as India's Independence Day.
Our constitution was ready by 26 November 1949. That day (26 November) is still celebrated as Constitution Day.
But the day of 26 January was already important, so the constitution was implemented on 26 January 1950 and since then this day is celebrated as Republic Day.