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The misuse and overuse of antibiotics, which is leading to antimicrobial resistance (AMR). AMR is a global health crisis that makes infections harder to treat and poses a great risk to life.

  • The 'First Multicentric Point Prevalence Survey of Antibiotic Use at 20 NAC-NET Sites India 2021-22' reveals alarming statistics on antibiotic use in India.

  • Over 70% of patients in tertiary-care hospitals across 15 States and two Union Territories were prescribed antibiotics.

  • More than 50% of the prescribed antibiotics have the potential to cause antimicrobial resistance (AMR).

  • 55% of the surveyed patients were prescribed antibiotics as a preventive measure (prophylaxis), while only 45% were prescribed antibiotics to treat infections.

  • Only 6% of the patients were prescribed antibiotics after identifying the specific bacteria causing the infection.

  • Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurs when pathogens evolve and become resistant to drugs.

  • Misuse and overuse of antimicrobials in medical and animal husbandry practices contribute to the development of drug-resistant pathogens.

  • AMR is a global crisis and was responsible for 1.27 million deaths in 2019.

  • AMR makes infections harder to treat and increases the risks of medical procedures such as surgery and chemotherapy.

  • Infectious diseases specialists and critical-care experts have been calling for rational prescription of antibiotics and curbs on the use of drugs in animals and plants.

  • There is a crisis in antibiotic research and development, and urgent measures are needed to develop new drugs.

  • The role of doctors and the government in regulating drug use is crucial in combating AMR.

  • Strict regulation of antimicrobial use and funding research on newer antibiotics are necessary to address the AMR crisis.

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