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The issue of unemployment in India and provides data and statistics to highlight the worsening.....

The issue of unemployment in India and provides data and statistics to highlight the worsening employment situation in the country. It is important to read this article to understand the challenges faced by the Indian economy in terms of job creation and the impact of the pandemic on employment.

  • Two men entered the Lok Sabha and sprayed yellow gas from canisters, while two others stood outside Parliament and shouted slogans and sprayed gas from similar canisters.

  • The intruders were protesting against the government's inability to tackle unemployment.

  • D. Manoranjan, who opened a canister inside the Lok Sabha, was helping his father in the sheep-breeding and poultry business after completing a course in Computer Science Engineering.

  • Sagar Sharma, who accompanied Manoranjan, was forced to drop out of school after higher secondary due to his family's financial difficulties and was driving an autorickshaw.

  • Neelam Verma, who protested outside Parliament, holds an M.Phil in Sanskrit and was a government job aspirant from Haryana.

  • Amol Shinde, who was with Neelam, had complained that the COVID-19 lockdown had killed his chances of getting into the Army and has been trying to clear the police recruitment exam since then.

  • The Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) in India has worsened in the post-pandemic period.

  • In FY23, the overall LFPR was 39.5%, the lowest since at least FY17.

  • Among men, the LFPR was 66% and among women, it was 8.7%, both the lowest since at least FY17.

  • The unemployment rate (UR) in FY23 was 7.6%, higher than pre-pandemic levels.

  • The data shows that fewer people of working age were looking for jobs, and a relatively high share of people were unemployed.

  • The overall LFPR in 2023 was about 7 percentage points lower than in 2016.

  • The UR in the quarter ending September 2023 was 8.1%, higher than in the quarters ending September 2020 and September 2021.

  • The latest available month-wise data shows a persistent unemployment problem in India.

  • In November 2023, the unemployment rate (UR) was 9.2%, which is higher than any November since 2019, including the pandemic months.

The ecological disaster caused by an oil spill in the Ennore-Manali region of Chennai. It highlights the delayed response of the Tamil Nadu government and the inadequate measures taken to address the spill. Reading this article will provide insights into the environmental impact of such incidents and the need for effective crisis management and environmental regulation.

  • Cyclone Michaung brought heavy rainfall to Chennai on December 3-4, causing heavy flooding.

  • Oil from the CPCL refinery in the Ennore-Manali region spilled over into the Buckingham Canal and Kosasthalaiyar river, which empties into the Bay of Bengal.

  • The Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board downplayed the extent of the ecological disaster.

  • The State government took action eight days after the spillage, prompted by the National Green Tribunal.

  • The government's oil spill crisis management committee inspected the Ennore Creek and directed CPCL to compensate for damages and ramp up remediation.

  • The initial response to the spill was delayed and haphazard, with unclear reasons for the lack of action from the Tamil Nadu State Disaster Management Authority and district authorities.

  • A coordination centre has been set up at Ennore by the Department of Environment, Climate Change and Forests to address the oil spill issue.

  • The CPCL and the Department have deployed resources such as oil skimmers, fishermen with boats, and sea-cleaning agencies to remove the oil.

  • Over 50 tonnes of oil-laden sludge have been removed from Kosasthalaiyar so far.

  • The remediation process is expected to be completed by December 19.

  • The oil spill has affected a large area, including the Ennore Creek, Kasimedu harbour, and Pulicat backwaters.

  • The incident is considered "unprecedented" and has caught the authorities off guard.

  • Similar incidents have occurred in the past, affecting the livelihoods of fisherfolk.

  • The region has been facing pollution concerns due to highly polluting industries and leaky pipelines.

  • The Ennore backwaters, once a popular wetland, have been neglected and affected by fly ash and hot water from thermal power plants.

  • The NGT had previously ordered the removal of fly ash from the Ennore Creek, but no substantial work has been done so far.

  • The NGT directed the State to notify the full extent of the Ennore wetlands under the Tamil Nadu Wetland Mission in 2022.

  • The State government has been reluctant to regulate industries in the Ennore-Manali region and restore the Ennore Creek despite court orders.

  • The situation reflects unfair environmental standards in northern Chennai.

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