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Officers of the Lok Sabha, privileges enjoyed by the Parliament

Office bearers of the Lok Sabha

Protem speaker

  • When the first sitting of the Lok Sabha is convened after the general elections, the President appoints the senior-most member of the Lok Sabha as the pro-tem speaker.

  • swearing in newly elected members

  • electing a speaker

  • Protem speaker plays an important role in the election of new speaker.

  • First of all, he proposes the candidate of the majority party as speaker.

  • If the Lok Sabha accepts this proposal with a majority, then the Speaker of the Lok Sabha is elected, otherwise the Speaker Pro Tem proposes another member.

Lok Sabha Speaker / Speaker

  • Due to the adoption of parliamentary system in India, the lower house Lok Sabha gets an important place in the political system.

  • For this reason, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha has a place in the order of preference in the list of posts.

  • Here the speaker of the Lok Sabha has almost the same powers as the speaker of the House of Commons of Britain.

  • But where the British House of Common Speaker is an independent person, the speaker in India does not give up his party membership, yet he works impartially.

  • His conduct in the Lok Sabha cannot be discussed except on the original motion for removal.

Speaker's functions and powers

  1. Under Rule 333, he can remove any part of the parliamentary proceedings from publication and broadcast.

  2. Under Rule 222, the Speaker decides whether prima facie a matter of breach of privilege or contempt is made out in any matter, action can be taken only after the consent of the Speaker.

  3. The power to adjourn the House is vested in the Speaker, but during the discussion on the adjournment motion, this power is transferred to the entire House instead of the Speaker.

  4. The speaker has the right to decide whether a bill is a money bill or not.

  5. According to the 52nd and 91st Amendment Act, the power of the final decision of defection is vested in the speaker.

  6. The Speaker can give a decision to any member to sit after finishing the speech, this is called Flooring System.

  7. No member can speak in the House until the Speaker gives permission, the Speaker also decides in which order and in what time the members will speak.

  8. Any bill is sent to the President only after his signature.

  9. It is necessary to inform the Speaker before arresting any MP.

  10. Sets the guidelines for recognition of parliamentary parties, also recognizes the leader of the opposition

  11. The Lok Sabha Secretary General and all the officials work under him, they are responsible to him.

  12. He can suspend the membership of any member by taking disciplinary action against him.

  13. He presides over all the three committees of the Parliament, Rules Committee, Business Advisory Committee, General Purposes Committee.

  14. The Speaker presides over the joint session of both the Houses of Parliament (Article 118(4)).

  15. When the motion for punishment for contempt of the House is passed in the House, the arrest warrant is also issued by the Speaker.

  16. The conduct of the Speaker in regulating the procedure of the House or in maintaining order in the House shall not be subject to the jurisdiction of the Court (Article 122).

Prior to the Act of 1919, the Viceroy presided over the Legislative Council, the post of elected President was first created in the Article of 1919 and under this Act, the Legislative Council was constituted for the first time in 1931 and 'Sir Frederick White' was made the President. In 1925, with the efforts of the Swarajya Party, the first non-governmental Indian leader, Vithalbhai Patel, was made the President of the Legislative Council, and after that, in 1930, Mohammad Yakub became the speaker.

parliamentary privilege

  1. In Article 105 (3) of the Constitution, certain rights have been provided to the members of both the Houses of the Parliament.

  2. In fact, parliamentary privileges are not the privileges of the Parliament because the President is also involved in the Parliament.

  3. Parliamentary Privileges House committees have privileges of MPs which are of two types

personal privilege

  • Freedom of speech Freedom of speech, which is different and wider than Article 19 (1) (A) because restrictions have been imposed on 19 (1) (A) but the speech of MPs cannot be banned and cannot be challenged in the court can go

  • He is exempt from summons issued in judicial testimony etc. when Parliament is in session.

  • No MP can be arrested in a civil case till 40 days before the commencement of the session of the Parliament and 40 days after it ends, but in a criminal case, arrest can be made under the law of preventive detention.

  • Under Article 105(4) of the Constitution, persons who by virtue of the Constitution have the right to speak in either House of Parliament or any Committee thereof have a personal right to participate in the same proceedings; Like-Attorney General.

Collective privilege

  1. The member officers of the House shall not give evidence and produce documents in any court in connection with the proceedings of the House without the permission of the House.

  2. Prohibition of arrest in the premises of the House without obtaining the permission of the Speaker.

  3. There will be a ban on the judiciary in relation to the investigation of the proceedings of the Parliament (Article 122).

  4. The power to enact laws governing its procedure and work is vested in the House itself (Article 118).

  5. The power to enact laws governing its procedure and work is vested in the House itself (Article 118).

  6. Right to get instant information about the arrest, detention and release of any member.

  7. The member officers of the house shall not be present in the other house or in the committee of the upper house without the permission of the house.

  8. Power to prohibit the presence of outsiders in the House (Article 248).

  9. Parliamentary committees can call any person for evidence and can administer oath to him.

  10. The person who defies the House will be immediately handed over to the House, the final decision to punish him will be taken by the House.

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