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Major Committees of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha and their functions, Difference between Lok Sabha and

Major Committees and their Functions

The oldest committee in which 15 members of the Lok Sabha and 7 members of the Rajya Sabha are elected by the proportional representation system, the tradition has been formed since 1967, its chairman will be the leader of the opposition.

It makes the departments of the Central Government accountable to the Parliament by examining the accounts of the Ministries.

This committee controls various departments of the Government of India on the basis of the report of the Comptroller and Auditor General. The Comptroller and Auditor General participates in the meetings of the committee and helps; this committee is called the twin sister of the Estimates Committee.

Although the committee has some limitations as well; For example, it cannot investigate policy matters and prepares investigation reports after knowing the work, yet it has exposed many scams like Jeep scam, Bofors scam, Coal scam etc.

Estimates committee

There are 30 members in this committee, all the members are elected by the Lok Sabha every year by the single transferable method of proportional representation from among its members.

The chairman of the committee is appointed by the Lok Sabha from among these elected members, but if the deputy speaker of the Lok Sabha is a member of the Estimates Committee, he automatically becomes the chairman of the committee.

This committee is formed every year, the following are the functions of the committee

Scrutiny of Annual Grants.

Discussing supplementary grant of additional grant.

Recommending to prepare alternative policies to reduce expenditure and improve administration and suggestions for asking for grants in Parliament etc.

Public undertaking committee

There are a total of 15 members in this committee (10 from Lok Sabha and five from Rajya Sabha) who are elected by the single transferable system of proportional representation.

Every year 1/5 members of the committee retire and new members are elected in their place.

The chairman of the committee is nominated by the Lok Sabha from among the elected members to do the following -

This committee examines the functioning of government undertakings and other financial matters and the report of the Comptroller and Auditor General.

This committee examines the accounts of government undertakings.

Privileges Committee

The matter of violation of the privileges and immunities received by the Members of Parliament is assigned to the Committee of Privileges.

The Committee of Privileges is formed at the beginning of the Lok Sabha or from time to time by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, it consists of 15 members.

The Committee of Privileges will examine each question assigned to it and decide on the basis of facts whether any special right has been violated or not and if so, what is its nature and under what circumstances.

Select committee

The formation of the Select Committee can be done separately for Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha as well as simultaneously.

In case of separation, the number of members is 30 and in case of joint, it is 45.

The main objective of this committee is to have a thorough discussion on the bill.

The Joint Select Committee consists of 30 Lok Sabha and 15 Rajya Sabha members.

Petition committee

There are a total of 15 members and all are nominated by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha.

This committee informs the Lok Sabha about the complaints made in the petitions. The main function of this committee is to examine the petitions.

Government assurance committee

This committee consists of 15 members who are nominated by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha.

This committee examines the implementation of the questions given on the floor of the house by the ministers of the government.

Rules committee

There are a total of 15 members in this committee, who are nominated by its Chairman / Lok Sabha Speaker.

This committee, after considering parliamentary proceedings and legislations, recommends amendments or making new rules in them.

Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

Lok Sabha

1. Its tenure is 5 years and even before that the President can dissolve it on the advice of the Prime Minister.

2. Money Bill can be reintroduced only in the Lok Sabha.

3. The members of the Lok Sabha are elected by the public by public and secret ballot.

4.It cannot declare any subject of the State List to be of national importance.

5.Lok Sabha approves the resolution passed by Rajya Sabha.

6. Not required, because the Rajya Sabha does not dissolve.

Rajya Sabha

1. Rajya Sabha is a permanent house and every 2 years ⅓ members retire and as many are newly elected.

2.Money Bill cannot be introduced in Rajya Sabha.

3.The members of the Rajya Sabha are elected on the basis of proportional representation in the Legislative Assemblies of the respective states.

4.The Rajya Sabha has the right to declare any subject of the State List as of national importance by a resolution supported by at least ⅔ members of the members present and voting in the Rajya Sabha.

5.The motion for the removal of the Vice-President is initiated in the Rajya Sabha itself.

6.Rajya Sabha approves the proclamation of emergency in case of dissolution of Lok Sabha.



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