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Difference between official and non-official bills, prorogation and adjournment

Difference between official and private bill

Private bill

1. It can be introduced in the Parliament by a Minister/other member.

2. It shows the opinion of the opposition party on a public matter.

3. There is no effect on the government if it is rejected.

4. There should be one month's notice for such a motion to be introduced in the House.

5. Its construction is the responsibility of the concerned member.

Government bill

It can be introduced only by the minister.

It reflects the policies of the government.

The government may have to resign if approved by the House.

There should be a notice of 7 days to present in the House.

It is prepared by the concerned department in consultation with the Law Department.

End in prorogation and adjournment


1 It ends not only the meeting but also the session of the House.

2 It is done by the President.

3.It does not affect any bill but fresh notice has to be given in the next session for the remaining business.


It only ends a meeting and not a session.

This is done by the Presiding Officer of the House.

It does not affect any Bill or work pending in the House as the same work can be done in the second sitting.

Difference between motion of no confidence and motion of censure


1. It is not necessary to state the reason for accepting it in the Lok Sabha.

2. It can be brought only against the entire Council of Ministers.

3.It is brought in the Council of Ministers for the determination of the confidence of the Lok Sabha.

4. After it is passed in the Lok Sabha, the Council of Ministers has to resign.

Censure motion

It is mandatory to state the reasons for accepting it in the Lok Sabha.

It can be brought against any one minister or group of ministers or against the entire Council of Ministers.

It is brought for condemnation against certain policies or actions of the Council of Ministers.

If it is passed in the Lok Sabha then it is not necessary to resign the Council of Ministers.

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