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Current Affairs 20/07/2023 – Today’s Current Affairs for upsc

Only 1% women live in countries with high gender parity, female empowerment: UN report

Only an abysmal 1 per cent of women across the world live in countries that have managed to achieve both high women empowerment and gender parity, according to a new report by the United Nations.

Leadership roles and decision-making still mostly lie with men and are unavailable to women, the report released July 18, 2023, at the Women Deliver Conference being held in Kigali, Rwanda noted.

The first-of-its-kind report that presents a comprehensive analysis of the progress made in human development of women and girls was jointly created by two UN agencies – UN Women and UN Development Programme.

United States



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​63.9Women’s Empowerment Index (WEI) %

Global Gender Parity Index (GGPI)

The Global Gender Parity Index (GGPI)

  • The GGPI evaluates women’s status relative to men in core dimensions of human development, including health, education, inclusion, and decision-making.

  • On average, women achieve 72% of what men do, reflecting a 28% gender gap.

Concerning Findings and Call for Action

  • Less than 1% of women and girls live in countries with both high women’s empowerment and gender parity.

  • More than 90% of the female population lives in countries with significant empowerment deficits and gender gaps.

Equality of women is of utmost importance and without it, empowerment of women will remain elusive, even in places with high human development, the study showed. “Of the 114 countries analysed, 85 have low or middle women’s empowerment and low or middle performance in achieving gender parity. More than half the countries in this group are in the high (21 countries) or very high human development group (26 countries).”

India can be cited as an example, based on the findings. In the country, women’s empowerment and gender parity were both found to be ‘low’, although it was assessed to be in the ‘medium’ catergory in terms of human development.

No country with a large gender gap has achieved high women’s empowerment, report added.

Gujarat to get country’s 1st ‘Satellite Network Portal Site’

Gujarat signed a MoU on 19th July with London-Based Company, OneWeb Company and the Department of Science and Technology to set up a 'Satellite Network Portal Site'.

Gujarat will get the country’s first ‘Satellite Network Portal Site’. An MoU was signed between OneWeb and the state government in Gandhinagar yesterday for the establishment of the Satellite Network Portal Site’ near Mehsana. AIR correspondent reports that the satellite network portal will be set up at two places in Jotana taluka of Mehsana district with an estimated cost of over Rs. 100 crores for Phase-1. This project under Digital India, aims to provide affordable, secure and high speed internet access to villages, district panchayats, local administrative bodies, government departments, and other entities throughout the country. It is also expected to create approximately 500 direct and indirect employment opportunities in the state. About OneWeb Company:

OneWeb is a Low Earth Orbit (LEO) Satellite company with 648 satellites. The company was established by Greg Wyler in 2012 and headquartered at London, England.

OneWeb Company aims to provide cost-effective satellite connectivity services to mobile network operations and Internet service providers and to establish a global communication network. This technology is already operational in Europe and Canada.

OneWeb Company offers broadband Internet access with lower latency of less than 100 ms compared to GEO-based networks with latencies of 500-700 ms.

Radio collars are killing the cheetahs in Kuno. Here is how — and why

“The radio collar caused skin abrasion, which led to maggots infesting Suraj. His situation got aggravated due to wet and humid weather conditions leading to spread of high infection in his body and septicaemia, which is rarest of rare among cats,” said Rajesh Gopal, chairman of the Cheetah Task Force.

What are Radio Collars?

  • About:

    • Radio collars are used to track and monitor animals in the wild.

    • They consist of a collar with a small radio transmitter.

    • Collars provide data on animal behavior, migration, and population dynamics.

      • They can be combined with GPS or accelerometers for additional information.

  • Collars are designed to be lightweight and comfortable for animals.

  • Potential risks and challenges, such as injuries or infections, must be managed

Over 1 Lakh Houses Under PMAY-G Diverted to UP After 24 States and UTs Fail to Sanction Them

“…the Lieutenant Governor is satisfied that the activities” of Faheem, a resident of Srinagar, “are such as to warrant his dismissal from service,” stated an order issued by Sinha through J&K’s General Administration Department (GAD).

While officials said that the decision was taken “after considering the facts and circumstances” and “information available” about Faheem, these were not specified in his termination order issued by the GAD on Sunday, a public holiday. The order only stated that the termination of Faheem from his job was “in the interest of the security of the State”.

Article 311 has been described as an instrument of “executive impunity” and activists claim that the legislation is being used by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government, which runs the union territory directly, to undermine the fundamental right of free speech in J&K.

About PMAY-G:

PMAY-G was first started in 1996 in the name of Indira Awaas Yojna but certain gaps were identified in this scheme by CAG in 2014. To address these gaps in the rural housing program and in view of the government’s commitment to providing ‘Housing to All’ by 2022, the IAY has been re-launched as the Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojna Gramin (PMAY-G) on 1st April 2016.

Objective of PMAY-G:

The main aim of PMAY-G is to provide a pucca house with all basic amenities to all houseless householders. The immediate objective of this scheme is to cover 1,000 crore households living in the kutcha house/dilapidated house in three years from 2016-17 to 2018-19.

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